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Diabetes Diet

Diabetes Diet

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4 WEEKS SILVER PLANS Rs. 1999
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4 WEEKS GOLD PLANS Rs. 2999
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4 WEEKS PREMIUM PLANS Rs. 7000
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Diabetes has already become the third most common disease on the planet with around 500 million people affected by it. Though the mortality rate is low, dietplusminus urges you to take it extremely seriously.

World Diabetes Day

People who ignore it at first, later either succumb to it or it turns out to be their worst nightmare. Diabetes (any type) requires necessary care from the diet and lifestyle point of view. Otherwise, it can lead to other serious complications such as stroke, kidney disease, eye problems, joint problems, neurological and heart disease, etc. Here you will get to know about everything related to diabetes and its concerning diet. 

 

 

What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious medical condition that alters your body’s natural way and ability to process blood glucose (blood sugar). Food that you eat is ultimately converted into a simpler form (glucose). Glucose is then used by your cells to release energy. Insulin is a hormone secreted by your pancreas that promotes the absorption of glucose and thereby helps to regulate your blood sugar level. Depending on what’s happening to insulin in your body, different types of diabetes can occur. 

 

Types of Diabetes

Features

Type 1 diabetes

  • This is caused due to disruption of pancreas cells, where insulin is made.
  • This disruption is caused by an immune system attack.
  • However, the exact reason behind this attack is unclear.
  • In this situation, you have to completely depend upon artificial insulin doses per day.
  • Approx. 10% of individuals with diabetes suffer from this type. 

 

Type 2 diabetes

  • Commonest among all types of diabetes.
  • This is caused when your body becomes resistant to the insulin formed in your body and your blood sugar level increases. 

 

Gestational diabetes

  • This is caused during pregnancy, due to the secretion of insulin-blocking hormones by the placenta. 

 
Type I diabetes (juvenile diabetes) occurs if your body completely fails to produce enough insulin or does not produce enough of it. So, type I diabetic patients need to take artificial insulin, daily. 
On the other hand, Type 2 diabetes occurs when your cells don’t respond to insulin as effectively as normal and therefore it affects the processing of glucose. So, type 2 is 
caused by insulin resistance of your cells. So, here,  it doesn’t matter if your body is producing enough insulin or not. This is the most common type of diabetes and studies have shown that it is highly linked to obesity. 
There's another type of diabetes known as gestational diabetes. As the name suggests, this type occurs in women during their trimesters. Basically, during pregnancy, the bo
dy of a woman can become less sensitive to insulin and therefore develop somewhat insulin resistance. But, this does not occur in all women and mostly it gets resolved naturally after parturition. Also, in some people, borderline diabetes known as pre-diabetes is diagnosed. 


The normal fasting blood sugar level ranges between 70 and 110 mg/dL. A level of 126mg/dL and above is considered to be diabetic and a blood sugar level ranging from 111 to 125 mg/dL is pre-diabetic. Such people face the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. 

 

Result

Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG)

Normal

less than 100 mg/dl

Prediabetes

100 mg/dl to 125 mg/dl

Diabetes

126 mg/dl or higher

 

Result

A1C

Normal

less than 5.7%

Prediabetes

5.7% to 6.4%

Diabetes

6.5% or higher

 

Result

 Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT)

Normal

 less than 140 mg/dl

Prediabetes

 140 mg/dl to 199 mg/dl

Diabetes

 200 mg/dl or higher


Research shows that you can lower your risk for type 2 diabetes by 58% by:

  • Losing 7% of your current body weight (or 15 pounds if you weigh 200 pounds).
  • Exercising moderately (such as brisk walking) 30 minutes a day, five days a week.


Symptoms of diabetes

The rise in blood sugar levels causes almost similar symptoms in type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Gestational diabetes patients are usually asymptomatic.

 

Type 1 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes

Gestational diabetes

Increase in thirst

Increase in thirst 

Typically gestational diabetes has no symptoms.

Extreme hunger

Increase in hunger

In rare cases, women feel increased thirst and urination.

Frequent urination

Increased urination

 

Unwanted loss of weight

Slow healing of sores

 

Tiredness

Tiredness

 

Blurry vision

Blurry vision

 

 

 

What Causes Diabetes?

The reason associated with each type of diabetes is different.
Type 1 diabetes is caused due to disruption of insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. The immune system attacks and destroys these cells. Genes may be playing a role in causing type 1 diabetes but the significant cause is hormonal imbalance, im
mune system unknowingly attacks the insulin-producing beta cells and thus accounts for the high level of sugar in the blood. Some viruses can also induce immune system attacks. Diabetes Banner with Insulin

There are two main reasons behind type 2 diabetes, first genetics, and second lifestyle. Unlike type-1, type 2 diabetes has different causes. Genes still play a role, but lifestyle plays a major role. Being overweight, having high blood pressure issues, high triglycerides, and high alcohol intake, all directly or indirectly cause diabetes. Overweight or obese individuals, who have fat on their belly are at higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes because fat mass on the belly makes your cells more resistant to the effects of insulin on your blood sugar. 

Gestational diabetes is caused due to hormonal changes and secretion of some insulin-blocking hormones from the placenta during pregnancy.

 

Type 1 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes

Gestational diabetes

Occurs in children or teenagers

Overweight

Overweight 

If your parent or sibling has this problem

More than 45 years of age

More than 25 years of age

Certain genes may induce this disease

Physically not active

Have given birth to a child of more than 9 pounds

 

Have Prediabetes

Have PCOS

 

Suffered from gestational diabetes 

Suffered from gestational diabetes during a past pregnancy 

 

Have high blood pressure, high triglycerides, or high cholesterol

If your parent or sibling has this problem

 

If your parent or sibling has this problem

 


Complications associated with diabetes:

High blood sugar is like a slow poison, which deteriorates your body very slowly and damages the organs and tissues throughout the body. The longer the time you live with uncontrolled blood sugar, the higher the damage caused.

The common damages caused by long term uncontrolled diabetes are: 

 

  • Neuropathy 
  • Nephropathy
  • Vision loss and retinopathy
  • Heart problems
  • Hearing issues
  • Sores in the foot that don’t heal are commonly called diabetic foot
  • More prone to bacterial and fungal infections
  • Skin problems
  • Depression
  • Dementia 

 

Complications associated with gestational diabetes are different from type 1 and type 2 diabetes, and include:

  • Stillbirth
  • Premature birth
  • Birth weight higher than normal weight
  • Jaundice
  • Low blood sugar level
  • Increased risk of type 2 diabetes in later life
  • Cesarean delivery may be required
  • Risk of future pregnancies

 

Treatment of diabetes

Lifestyle modifications, including consumption of healthy food, workout, and certain medications are used to treat diabetes, depending upon the type of diabetes and condition of the patient.  

Type 1 diabetes: Insulin is the main treatment for type 1 diabetes, to keep blood sugar levels in control, as the body is unable to produce this hormone. 
Type 2 diabetes: This type of diabetes can be treated using a healthy diet and proper workout. If your blood sugar level is not controlled by these lifestyle changes, your doctor will prescribe medications for you. If the medications do not work, insulin is given to some patients.
Gestational diabetes: If diet and exercise are not enough to bring the blood sugar levels under control, insulin is given. Insulin is considered safe for the growing child.

 

Diet Plan To Treat Diabetes

Following a proper diet plan is very important in the case of diabetes. Dietplusminus strictly recommends you follow a low-glycemic index diet.

Healthy Vegetable

For those of you who don’t know what glycemic index means, it is a number assigned to foods indicating their ability to raise blood sugar after consumption. So, you are advised to avoid food with a glycemic index of 70 or above. You must make low-glycemic choices to maintain a normal blood sugar level.

 

Consider the following tips for low glycemic index food

  • Eat unprocessed foods and not processed ones. Because whole, unprocessed foods have a lower glycemic index than processed foods. 
  • Eat more high in fiber foods. Fiber takes time to digest and therefore your blood sugar level does not rise quickly.
  • Eat fruits like apples, vegetables like sweet potato, lentils, kidney beans, etc. These have a low glycemic index.
  • Apart from these, strawberries, yogurt, chia seeds, and nuts are also very helpful.
  • But, most importantly you need to avoid consuming table sugar, in any form. So, avoid all the soft drinks, etc. You can substitute table sugar with honey, but make sure to use it in moderation.

You should look at the total nutritional value in foods, not just glycemic index, to control diabetes. Even some foods that have a high glycemic index (potatoes) contain vitamin C, potassium, fiber, etc. which can be helpful. Also, the norms of a good diet may vary as per your liking, so you should visit a qualified medical practitioner for the best suitable diet.
 

 

What tests are required for joining this program?

Lists of important tests

  1. Blood Sugar-Fasting and Post Prandial 

  2. Fasting Insulin

  3. HbA1C

  4. Urine Routine and Urine microalbumin

  5. Hemogram 

  6. Lipid profile 

  7. Liver Function Tests 

  8. Kidney Function Tests including Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) 

  9. Thyroid Function Tests  

  10. Iron Study

  11. High Sensitive C-Reactive Protein (hsCRP)

  12. Vitamin B12

  13. Vitamin D3

Your queries (FAQ)

We never promise an unrealistic goal. We help patients to understand the disease and process for their correction with lifestyle modification. Dedicated patients usually do it perfectly but after all the perfection some patients may not get the desired result. The main reason being hormonal issues, disease conditions like high insulin state, high estrogen state, hypothyroidism (low thyroid hormone), body disability, restricted body movement, lack of interest, unrealistic goals, etc. In this situation, we can try another method but keep in mind that every patient will get the same result is not true.

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You may cancel your premium subscription plan within 7 days of subscription. The fee will be refunded after subtracting the consultation fee, processing fee, and bank transaction charges.

  • Please note that the above charges will be adjusted after deducting the Doctor Consultation charge (999/- or $30 (United States Dollars thirty)) and a processing fee of Rs. 750/- (Rupees seven hundred and fifty) for India or $20 (United States Dollars twenty) for locations outside India (including Taxes and bank charges, if any). The refund shall be processed in the manner/mode which is used to subscribe to the DietPlusMinus Plan within 30 (thirty) days from the date of cancellation.

  • If you have purchased a DietPlusMinus one diet chart plan, seven diet chart plan, one-month diet chart plan, you will not be eligible for a refund from DietPlusMinus.

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No. We usually provide three meals in a day and in some diseases it's four to five meals. Mealtime you need to adjust according to your convenience as this is not only three months or six months program, you need to adopt a better eating habit for a lifetime.

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No, usually we do not allow milk in the diet plan especially when you have enrolled for abdominal symptoms along with weight loss but milk products like curd, paneer, etc are allowed. The Milk keeps you full for a longer time as a result of fullness you may not eat the whole plate. Less calorie intake may start unintentional muscle loss so, if you need to drink milk then the best time is to drink in the evening. However, remember that drinking excessive amounts of milk may lead to weight gain due to high-calorie intake.

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Yes, you can have snacks. Sprouted moong beans, green sprouts, almond milk, etc, and leftovers from the previous meal can be taken as snacks.

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Normally there are only three meals in a diet plan, but it can be changed depending upon your requirements.

 

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We do not sell any products on Amazon. We are only affiliated with Amazon. The products suggested to you are based on the customer's reviews only. We are not giving any guarantee regarding the quality, quantity. When you are purchasing, please read everything carefully as we are not responsible for any products purchased on Amazon.

 

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You need to book a prior appointment with him. He will contact you over WhatsApp (+919582292288) or on google meet. 

To book an appointment please use this link 

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Diet customization needs a lot of effort. After the purchase of a subscription, we take a history including dietary history and analyze blood reports. We usually assign a diet within 3-5 working days after purchasing and after completion of all basic formalities like blood report analysis, history, etc

 

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As you know, Dr. Pankaj Kumar is also a medical doctor and multiple commitments are there on daily basis. So pre-booked appointment is the best way to talk regarding your problem. No instant service is available.

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