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Diabetes Diet

Diabetes Diet

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Diabetes Diet Plan

Diabetes has already become the third most common disease on the planet with around 500 million people affected by it. Though the mortality rate is low, dietplusminus urges you to take it extremely seriously. People who ignore it at first, later either succumb to it or it turns out to be their worst nightmare. Diabetes (any type) requires necessary care from the diet and lifestyle point of view. Otherwise, it can lead to other serious complications such as stroke and heart disease. Here you will get to know about everything related to diabetes and its concerning diet.

 

What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious medical condition that alters your body’s natural way and ability to process blood glucose (blood sugar). Food that you eat is ultimately converted into a simpler form (glucose). Glucose is then used by your cells to release energy. Insulin is a hormone secreted by your pancreas that promotes the absorption of glucose and thereby helps to regulate your blood sugar level. Depending on what’s happening to insulin in your body, different types of diabetes can occur.

 

    Diabetes Banner with Insulin

 

Type I diabetes (juvenile diabetes) occurs if your body completely fails to produce enough insulin or does not produce enough of it. So, type I diabetic patients need to take artificial insulin, daily. On the other hand, Type 2 diabetes occurs when your cells don’t respond to insulin as effectively as normal and therefore it affects the processing of glucose. So, type 2 is actually caused by insulin-resistance of your cells. So, here,  it doesn’t matter if your body is producing enough insulin or not. This is the most common type of diabetes and studies have shown that it is highly linked to obesity.

There's another type of diabetes known as gestational diabetes. As the name suggests, this type occurs in women during their trimesters. Basically, during pregnancy, the body of a woman can become less sensitive to insulin and therefore develop somewhat insulin-resistance. But, this does not occur in all women and mostly it gets resolved naturally after parturition. Also, in some people, borderline diabetes known as pre-diabetes is diagnosed.

The normal fasting blood sugar level ranges between 70 and 110 mg/dL. A level of 126mg/dL and above is considered to be diabetic and a blood sugar level ranging from 111 to 125 mg/dL is pre-diabetic. Such people face the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

 

What Causes Diabetes?

Genes may be playing a role in causing type 1 diabetes but the significant cause is hormonal imbalance, immune system unknowingly attacks the insulin-producing beta cells and thus accounts for the high level of sugar in the blood.

Unlike type-1, type 2 diabetes has different causes. Genes still play a role, but lifestyle plays a major role. Being overweight, having high blood pressure issues, high triglycerides, high alcohol intake, all directly or indirectly cause diabetes. Gestational diabetes is caused due to hormonal imbalance during pregnancy.

 

Diet Plan To Treat Diabetes

Following a proper diet plan is very important in case of diabetes. Dietplusminus strictly recommends you to follow a low-glycemic index diet. For those of you who don’t know what glycemic index means, it is a number assigned to foods indicating their ability to raise blood sugar after consumption. So, you are totally advised to avoid food with a glycemic index of 70 or above. You must make low-glycemic choices to maintain a normal blood sugar level.

Consider the following tips:

  • Eat unprocessed foods and not processed ones. Because whole, unprocessed foods have a lower glycemic index than processed foods.
  • Eat more high in fiber foods. Fiber takes time to digest and therefore your blood sugar level does not rise quickly.
  • Eat fruits like apples, vegetables like sweet potato, and lentils, kidney beans, etc. These have a low glycemic index.
  • Apart from these, strawberries, yogurt, chia seeds, and nuts are also very helpful.
  • But, most importantly you need to avoid consuming table sugar, in any form. So, avoid all the soft drinks, etc. You can substitute table sugar with honey, but make sure to use it in moderation.

You should look at the total nutritional value in foods, not just glycemic index, to control diabetes. Even some foods that have a high glycemic index (potatoes) contain vitamin C, potassium, fiber, etc. which can be helpful. Also, the norms of a good diet may vary as per your personal liking, so you should visit a qualified medical practitioner for the best suitable diet.

 

 


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