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Millions of people are diagnosed with high cholesterol levels and high triglycerides levels each year. These two may not be too lethal themselves but can give rise to other deadly medical conditions. These include heart attack, stroke, etc. Therefore, it is important to keep the levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in check. And we at dietplusminus strongly believe that the best way to lower high-cholesterol/triglycerides levels is to follow a healthy diet.
These are two types of fat (lipid) in your blood and therefore are related. They are important for your body. Cholesterol is present in every cell of your body and has structural importance as well as is required to make hormones, vitamin D, etc. Triglycerides are actually the extra calories that your body stores for energy between meals. But, high quantities of cholesterol/triglycerides in the blood limits blood flow and thus give rise to other serious medical problems.
There are no symptoms and therefore it becomes difficult to know if you have high cholesterol/triglycerides. But, high cholesterol/triglycerides can be detected by blood tests. So, dietplusminus recommends you to check your cholesterol and triglycerides levels periodically for early detection.
High triglycerides can also harden your arteries, increasing the risk of arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis. If it goes untreated, you can also develop pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas). High cholesterol/triglycerides are often related to other health conditions like obesity, metabolic syndrome, etc.
High cholesterol can be caused by a lot of risk factors. First, poor/wrong diet is the number one to be discussed. Eating too much-saturated fats and trans fats (present in animal products, commercial cookies, crackers, microwave popcorn, etc.) can highly raise the risk. Other foods such as red meat and full-fat dairy products also increase the risk. Further, obesity and lack of exercise, smoking, etc. like bad habits can also increase cholesterol. Diabetes and your age also play a role in this.
On the other hand, high triglycerides are usually caused by other conditions such as obesity, untreated diabetes, thyroid, kidney disease, high alcohol consumption, etc. Eating too many calories than you burn on a regular basis can also lead to this condition. Some medications can also raise triglycerides. These include steroids, diuretics, birth control pills, etc. Moreover, your genetics may also play a role.
High cholesterol/triglycerides can be treated with a healthy diet. Firstly, you need to avoid consuming saturated and trans fats. Also, dietplusminus recommends you to lower your sugar intake and limit foods with cholesterol. Avoid eating animal organs such as liver, egg yolks, shrimp, etc. Rather you should eat lots of fruits and vegetables, all kinds. You should also consume plenty of soluble fiber (whole-grain cereals, apples, bananas, legumes, lentils, kidney beans, etc.)
Omega-3 fatty acids are your friends, so eat fish. But, make sure to limit salt and alcohol consumption. Lose some weight and maintain a healthy weight. Be more active and quit smoking. Dietplusminus recommends you to visit a nutrition expert for a proper diet. If you follow the diet, you can control your cholesterol and triglycerides levels without any medications.