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Pregnancy Diet Plan

Pregnancy Diet Plan

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Nutritional Requirements during Pregnancy

In countries like ours, pregnancy is considered “Good news”. There are several taboos regarding what to eat and what not to eat…….. What to do and what not to do. People usually say…...hey, don’t eat papaya… you are pregnant. Don’t lift heavy objects; it may harm you and your baby. Some of them are nonsense but others have a scientific reason behind them. 

We all know “Swasth Sharir Me Swasth Man Ka Niwas Hota Hai” When you talk about a healthy body or healthy mind then one thing which will come first is a healthy diet especially when we think about pregnancy.

A healthy diet and healthy lifestyle are important for any human being at any time, but they become vital if you're pregnant or planning a pregnancy. Healthy eating keeps your baby good and makes you feel rich from the inside. Healthy eating gives your baby the essential nutrients in the womb.

Pregnancy good news

Overall, the target for a balanced diet, with an appropriate balance of all the 5 food groups:

  1. Vegetables and legumes
  2. Whole cereals
  3. Milk, yogurt, and cheese
  4. Meat, poultry, fish, and other protein sources
  5. Fruits

It’s time to take care of yourself as the body goes through several physical and hormonal changes. You have to fulfill the demands of your body in addition to the growing one in your womb. Mothers and elderly in the house normally recommend….eat double…...you have to eat for two. It doesn’t mean that if you eat 2 chapattis at lunch then you have to eat 4 chapattis at lunch. It’s almost impossible to follow the recommendations of the elderly. Eating a healthy, balanced diet will help you feel good and will fulfill the requirements of both you and your baby. 

Boy or Girl

The food you eat is the main source of nourishment for your baby. So, it’s critical to get all the nutrients you need. Let’s discuss the food which can fulfill your and your baby’s nutritional requirements and also satisfy your cravings.

 

Increased nutritional requirements during pregnancy

There is no doubt that there is increased nutritional stress on your body, as you are feeding a whole new person. But, still, you don’t need to double your intake. From the day you know that you are pregnant, your micronutrients and macronutrients intake should ideally increase to support yourself and your baby. 

Micronutrients are the dietary components needed by the body in relatively smaller amounts, such as vitamins and minerals. Macronutrients on the other hand are needed by the body in larger amounts to provide calories, i.e., energy to do work. Carbohydrates, proteins, and fats are considered macronutrients. Each of these is needed in more quantities during pregnancy. 

 

General guidelines for a few important nutrients that should be increased during pregnancy

 

Nutritional Requirements During Pregnancy

Nutrient

Daily requirements for pregnant women

Protein

70-100 grams, increase per trimester

Calcium

1200 milligrams (mg)

Iron

27 milligrams (mg)

Folate

600-800 micrograms (mcg)

 


Including a variety of healthy foods in the diet may fulfill your increased nutritional needs, such as foods rich in:

  • Protein
  • Complex carbohydrates
  • Healthy fat
  • Vitamins & minerals

 

Water requirements

Drink plenty of water every day — make sure water should not be contaminated.

Criteria for safe and wholesome water are

  1. It should be both
  2. Free from pathogenic agents like viruses, bacteria, or any micro-organism
  3. Free from harmful chemical substances
  4. It should be pleasant to the taste, i.e. free from color and odor and it should be used for domestic purposes.

Most potable water in India contains fluoride, which helps your growing baby's teeth develop strong enamel. Now the question arises, what to eat and how much to eat. Given below is a brief discussion about this. 

 

pregnancy 4

 

What & how much to eat during pregnancy

Believe me, to feed yourself properly is not rocket science. It’s just a modification of a regular healthy eating plan. Continue your calorie intake normal in your first trimester, but mindful eating is important here. In the second trimester, increase 350 calories daily and in the third trimester, an increment of 450 calories per day is recommended. 

Avoid foods with zero nutritional value i.e., junk foods, chips, and soda. Replace these items with fresh fruits, vegetables, and lean proteins like chicken, fish, beans, and lentils. It doesn’t mean that you have to avoid all of your favorite food items during pregnancy. You just have to make a proper balance between your favorite food items and nutritious foods, so that you don’t miss any important vitamins or minerals. 

 

Simple and complex carbohydrates

Simple carbohydrates peak insulin whenever you eat and it may develop insulin resistance so, the basic concept of healthy carbohydrates is to choose complex carbohydrates and avoid simple sugar as much as you can. Eat wholemeal instead of processed food when you can. Mindful eating will make your baby more strong and free from any metabolic errors.

 

Protein

We all know protein is the building block of our body. Protein foods help the baby to grow. Sources of protein include meat, fish, poultry, eggs, legumes/beans, paneer, and nuts. Eat an adequate amount of protein every day. Proper growth of the baby's tissues and organs, including the brain, needs protein. So, protein intake is very critical during pregnancy. It is also needed for breast and uterine tissue growth during pregnancy. Protein also plays a role in increasing blood supply, allowing more blood to be sent to your baby. 

Protein intake should be increased every trimester70-100 gms of protein is needed per day.

 

Newborn baby

Protein sources to be included during pregnancy:

  • Chicken

  • Salmon

  • Lean beef and pork

  • Nuts

  • Peanut butter

  • Cottage cheese

  • Beans

 

Fruit and vegetables

Your plate should include plenty of fruit and vegetables because these provide vitamins and minerals, as well as fiber, which helps digestion and prevents constipation. Always wash them carefully under running tap water. If possible peel off the skin. Deep fry is not good to preserve nutrients. Cook vegetables lightly in a little water, or eat them well washed raw or you can shallow fry them to get the benefit of the nutrients they contain.

 

Dairy

Dairy foods such as milk, cheese, and yogurt, paneer are important as they contain several nutrients like calcium, iron, magnesium, and others that your baby needs. Choose reduced-fat varieties wherever possible. Some cheeses should be avoided — see Foods to avoid.

 

Healthy snacks

Snacking is not good at all for most of the persons especially when we are talking about healthy eating. In pregnancy snacking is also bad but grandparents feel bad if you are not eating the food in between as they think the baby requires more and more nutrition. So, don’t eat snacks that are high in fat or sugar, such as sweets, biscuits, junk food, outside food, or chocolate.

Instead, choose from the following nutritious snacks:

  • Grilled chicken, mashed tuna, salmon or sardines, and salad
  • Salad vegetables, such as carrot, celery, or cucumber
  • Low-fat yogurt
  • Vegetable sticks
  • Fruits like apricots, figs or prunes
  • Vegetable and bean soups
  • Unsweetened breakfast cereals, or porridge, with toned milk
  • Fresh fruit

 

Calcium

Calcium is needed to regulate your body’s fluids and to build a baby’s bones. The daily requirement of a pregnant woman is 1,000 mg of calcium. Additional supplementation of calcium is needed to fulfill the requirement, ideally  500mg 2 times a day. 

Calcium sources to be included during pregnancy:

  • Milk
  • Yogurt
  • Cheese
  • Seafood like salmon, shrimp, catfish, and canned light tuna
  • Calcium-set tofu
  • Leafy vegetables, dark green

 

baby's leg

 

Folate

This is commonly known as folic acid. It plays an important role in reducing the risk of neural tube defects.  These include major birth defects such as spina bifida and anencephaly. According to the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 600-800 mcg of folate is required per day for pregnant women. 

Folate sources to be included during pregnancy:

  • Leafy vegetables, dark green
  • Dried beans and lentils
  • Liver
  • Eggs
  • Nuts
  • Peanut butter

 

Iron

Iron, in addition to sodium, potassium, and water is needed to increase blood flow. Proper blood flow is crucial for the supply of oxygen in enough quantity for both you and your baby. 27-35 mg of iron is needed per day by a pregnant woman. In addition to this vitamin C is also needed to increase the absorption of iron. 

Iron sources to be included during pregnancy:

  • Eggs
  • Lean beef and poultry
  • Enriched bread or cereals
  • Citrus fruits
  • Dark green, leafy vegetables.

 

Some important points to be kept in mind during pregnancy

It is more important to concentrate on the quality of the food you eat rather than the quantity. Eating too much sugar can develop insulin resistance and obesity. If you are hungry all the time even after having a meal then it is not good for you and your baby. If you have a healthy meal every day, it is easier to avoid snacking on foods that are high in sugar. If required you can add some healthy fats. These are some food you must avoid during pregnancy (avoid certain foods) because they are not healthy for both of you or they can be dangerous for the baby. You will need to be careful with your diet if you develop gestational diabetes.  Nutrients like choline, salt, and B-complex vitamins are also necessary during pregnancy to keep you thriving. 

In addition to eating a well-balanced diet, intake of at least 8-10 glasses of water per day is also very important. To fulfill the demand for certain nutrients like folate, iron, and choline, from food alone, is difficult. Talk to your doctor. He/ she will recommend prenatal vitamins best suitable for you. Don’t take any medication or supplementation without the recommendation of a medical practitioner. 

 

Cravings & Aversions during Pregnancy

During pregnancy, you start to love some food…..feel cravings for that and opposite to that, start hating some food items because you don’t like its smell and taste, called aversion. 

 

Pregnancy cravings

During pregnancy, a lot of changes are noticed. You might start loving certain foods like a donut, Chinese food, or some unusual combinations like dessert with pickles. However, the actual reason behind these cravings or aversions during pregnancy is unclear; some researchers believe that it’s because of changes in hormones.  

You can go with these cravings sometimes, but try to find healthy options for these cravings like oven-roasted sweet potato wedges in place of French fries. Limit the intake of junk food and processed foods. 

 

Pregnancy aversions

If you feel aversions to foods necessary for the growth and development of a baby, it’s problematic. If you feel so, talk to your doctor. He/ she will suggest other foods or supplements that compensate for the lack of those nutrients in your diet. 

 

Pica

Some pregnant women have cravings for items that have no nutritional value, like clay, ashes, starch, or other strange things. Pica during pregnancy indicates the deficiency of certain vitamins or minerals. It’s important to notify your doctor if you feel cravings for non-food items. Consumption of such products can be dangerous for both you and your baby. 

 

Pregnancy & Weight gain

If you are conscious of weight gain during pregnancy, don’t stress too much. Weight gain is normal during pregnancy. This extra weight is needed for the nourishment of the baby. Some of it is stored for breastfeeding after the birth of your child. Normally, a healthy woman gains 11-15 kg (25-35 pounds) of weight during pregnancy. You can gain weight more or less than this, it’s quite normal. 

Although everyone is different, the chart given below indicates some values of weight gain during pregnancy. Recommended weight gain during pregnancy with one baby:

 

Pregnancy & Weight gain

Starting weight

BMI

Expected weight gain during pregnancy

Underweight

<18.5

28-40 lbs

Average weight

18.5-24.9

25-35 lbs

Overweight

25-29.9

15-25 lbs

Obese

>30

11-20 lbs

 

Don’t worry, if your weight gain is different from this because everyone is different and every pregnancy is also different. Just focus on nutritious foods instead of weight gain. Dieting to lose weight or prevent gain during pregnancy can be harmful to both you and your baby. 

 

Exercise during pregnancy

In addition to a healthy diet and supplements, exercise during pregnancy is also very important. It helps to manage your health and removes stress. Swimming and walking are good options. Avoid extra strenuous exercises like rock climbing or playing basketball. If you don’t exercise regularly, then start slowly during pregnancy and don’t overdo it. Join a yoga class or other exercise class that focuses specifically on pregnant women for extra support. 

 

Baby sleeping

Foods to eat and avoid during pregnancy

Pregnancy is a very crucial time for every woman….either rich or poor...working or housewife. Certain food items should be included during pregnancy and some food items should be avoided during this period. When you are trying to conceive or already conceived, supplement folic acid in your food or consult your gynecologist for early initiation of folic acid. It is essential for a baby’s brain growth.

 

Foods to eat and avoid during pregnancy

Foods to be included

Foods to be avoided

Protein in every meal

Uncooked processed meat

Prenatal vitamins

Raw meats and seafood

Essential fats

High mercury fish

Dairy products high in calcium

Unpasteurized dairy

Whole grains

Excessive caffeine 

Fruits and vegetables (4-5 servings)

Alcohol

 

Preparing food safely

1. Wash fruit, vegetables, and salads. In India, we usually do not find ready-to-eat salads very easily but these are very common in other countries. Washing removes all traces of soil, which may contain micro-organism toxoplasma, a parasite that can cause toxoplasmosis, which can harm your unborn baby.

2. Careful washing of all the surfaces, utensils, and hands, after preparing raw meat to avoid toxoplasmosis and other common infections such as salmonella, listeria, and campylobacter.

3. Storage also plays a very important role in preventing diseases. Always store raw foods separately from readymade or ready-to-eat foods to prevent contamination that leads to food poisoning.

4. Use a separate chopping board for chopping raw meats.

 


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Your queries (FAQ)

Nothing, you need not to pay only consultation charge which you have to pay before the consultation. Please book an appointment from here.

 

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You can book an initial appointment from here.

 

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Before joining we need some blood and urine reports. So, if you are planning to join please do these tests and then consult with Dr. Pankaj Kumar. A detailed discussion will uncover many folds of your health problems which you should know for better management.

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Yes, you can definitely join without any tests report but customization is only possible with a proper clinical history, dietary history, and some basic blood and urine reports. Please book an appointment from here.

 

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You need to choose your plan as per your requirements or disease.

  1. Purchase the plan
  2. After a successful purchase, you will get forms in the dashboard
  3. You need to fill out the forms (profile form, photo and report upload, and enrolment form.
  4. If you are opting premium plan then please fill out the food choices form and submit
  5. After submission, we will schedule a call with Dr. Pankaj Kumar for a brief discussion and dietary history. 
  6. We usually deliver your diet plans after 3-4 days after all the formalities are over. This is the time when Dr. Pankaj Kumar customizes your diet plans.
  7. Diet plans are given in the dashboard. These diet plans are not advisable for others. 
  8. Usually, we assign a 7-10 days diet initially, and then according to response, we assign further plans.

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We have a team of doctors for online consultation. You can request online consultation here. You need to pay the doctor’s consultation fee in their account directly. 

 

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No, weight loss with any means (except a good balanced diet and exercise) creates problems in long run. These plans usually target muscle loss which is not recommended in our program. We preserve muscles and help to lose fat. For better understanding, you can do regular body composition analysis from any gym or you can buy this scale to analyze yourself.

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His lifestyle modification program is definitely superior and there are multiple reasons for joining his program; we are mentioning a few of them.

  1. His approach is very different. People like to discuss their problems in detail. Dr. Pankaj Kumar listens to everything then he connects their current problem with their lifestyle scientifically.
  2. He is a medical doctor who is having nutrition expertise which enables him to understand disease in a better way. You may rarely find a post-graduate doctor with expertise in nutrition. Watch the video “Why did Dr. Pankaj Kumar come into nutrition practice?” Dr. Pankaj Kumar is actively working for the betterment of his patients in a unique way for many years.
  3. His approach is individual-based. Every patient is different so their requirement is also different. 
  4. Full customization is another thing that enables patients to sustain a good lifestyle for a longer duration.
  5. The one-to-one approach gives a better motivation.
  6. Constant support and motivation via call or WhatsApp or recorded video and many more…

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If you are desperate to get results in just a few days then you are not in the right place. We advise people to watch this video to understand “why weight loss or any lifestyle modification results take time?”

Always remember, if you are getting results in just a few days then the probability of muscle loss is more. An ill person does not give any result. “Swasth sharir me swasth man ka niwas hota hai.” Most overweight or obese patients do have insulin resistance. Without healing insulin resistance you may not see any result. If your insulin is settling down, if insulin sensitivity is becoming better, you will certainly see positive results.  Weight loss is very difficult in certain diseases as these patients do not respond to diet and exercise programs. In these cases, pharmacotherapy may be required or in extreme cases, bariatric surgery is the only option. Weight loss is a very complicated process and it requires a lot of motivation as well as the right guidance.

These are the diseases/conditions where weight loss is very challenging. 

  1. Lack of motivation
  2. Psychiatric illnesses like stress, depression, anxiety, binge eating behavior
  3. Hormonal imbalances like post-menopausal condition
  4. polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD/PCOS)
  5. An endocrinal disorder like hypothyroid condition
  6. Chronic inflammation, however, is a dangerous health condition that can be caused by environmental or dietary factors such as prescription medications, smoking, air pollution, and certain foods, including sugar, wheat, and dairy. Chronic inflammation can lead to cellular damage, which in turn impairs normal functioning throughout the body. Alcohol (including beer and wine) is a refined carbohydrate, similar to sugar, candy, and white flour. Besides adding calories, alcohol may raise blood sugar and insulin levels, which can contribute to weight gain.
  7. Cushing’s syndrome Elevated levels of cortisol in the body for an extended period of time can also lead to Cushing’s Syndrome
  8. Syndrome X: Syndrome X or hyperinsulinemia, refers to a group of health conditions that seem to be related to insulin resistance.
  9. Certain medications:
  • Medications used to treat type 2 diabetes (such as sulfonylureas)
  • Antipsychotic or schizophrenia medications, including chlorpromazine, thioridazine, and olanzapine
  • Beta-blockers – medication prescribed for high blood pressure, and some heart diseases.
  • Antidepressants such as amitriptyline, imipramine, or trazodone
  • Hormone replacement therapy
  • Birth control pills
  • Corticosteroids are taken for conditions like asthma and lupus
  • Antiepileptics are taken to control seizures, especially valproic acid and carbamazepine

We do not give any guarantee as the results vary from patient to patient. We help to heal your body from the inside and you will definitely feel better. Results are not only observing weight change on the weighing scale rather you should focus on body composition change. It is usually observed by decreasing fat percentage and increasing muscle percentage. We always stressed to read our terms and condition carefully before joining. We do not initiate any refund if you do not get the results as we already informed you results vary from person to person. Read our refund policy here.

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For one monthly plan, we do not offer any refund. Customization is a time taking process and after delivering a diet refund is not possible rather we can further customize it as per your choice and body’s requirements. So before joining, make sure you will continue for the chosen duration. Read our refund policy here.

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